Gaibandha District:

Gaibandha District (rajshahi division) with an area of 2179.27 sq km, is bounded by kurigram and rangpur districts on the north, bogra district on the south, jamalpur, and Kurigram districts and brahmaputra river on the east, dinajpur and Rangpur districts on the west. Annual average temperature maximum 33.5C, minimum 10.5C; annual rainfall 2536 mm. Main rivers are ghaghat, karatoya, bangali and tista.

Gaibandha (Town) consists of 9 wards and 34 mahallas. The area of the town is 17.63 sq km. It has a population of 58362; male 51.14%, female 48.86%. This town was established in 1875 when the subdivision was transferred from Bhabaniganj to Gaibandha. Gaibandha municipality was established in 1923. Literacy rate among the town people is 61.9%.

Administration Gaibandha district was established in 1984. The district consists of 7 upazilas, 3 municipalities, 18 wards, 82 union parishads, 1101 mouzas, 56 mahallas and 1244 villages. The upazilas are fulchhari, gaibandha sadar, gobindaganj, palashbari, sadullapur, sughatta and sundarganj; the municipalities are Gaibandha Sadar, Gobindaganj and Sundarganj.

Archaeological heritage and relics Vardhan Kuthi, Gobindaganj (17th century), house of Naldanga Zamindar along with its Shiva Linga made of black basalt, Vrisa Mandir of white stone and a large pond, Mosque of Shah Sultan Gazi at Mirer Bagan (1308), house of Bamandanga Zamindar, Mosque at Jamalpur, large pond at Faridpur, Masta Mosque at Gobindaganj.

Population:

Population 2117959; male 50.26%, female 49.74%; Muslim 91.29%, Hindu 7.79%, Christian 0.22%, Buddhist 0.13% and others 0.57%; ethnic nationals: Santal 861 families and Garo 227 families.

Religious institutions:

Mosque 2999, temple 308, church 1, sacred place 6

Main occupations:

Agriculture 44.45%, agricultural labourer 27.72%, wage labourer 2.58%, transport 1.89%, commerce 9.11%, service 4.49% and others 9.76%.

Traditional transport:

Palanquin, horse carriage, buffalo cart, bullock cart. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.

Main hats, bazars and fairs:

Total number of hats and bazars are 119; fairs 11.



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