Habiganj District:

Habiganj is a district in northern Bangladesh. It is a part of the Sylhet Division.

Habiganj was established as a Thana (police precinct) in 1790, when it was part of Dhaka district (1779-1793). Until 1896, Habiganj's administrative centre was in Court Andar, Laksarpur. In 1893, it was moved to Habiganj Sadar. On 12th September 1874 under Sylhet district (part of Assam), Habiganj was established as a subdivision. Habiganj was rejoined with East-Bengal (now Bangladesh) in 1911. In 1984, Habiganj was turned into a District; at the moment it consists of 4 municipality, 36 wards, 124 mahallas, 8 upazilas, 77 union parishads, 1241 mouzas and 2093 villages.

Habiganj has an area of 2,637 kmē. It is bounded by Sunamganj district to the north, Tripura and Maulvibazar to the east, Balaganj (part of Sylhet district) to the north-east, Brahmanbaria and Kishoreganj districts to the west.

This part of Bangladesh is characterised by alluvial plains which are dissected by various connecting rivers as well as streams, lakes; and it is vulnerable to both flood and drought. The land is devoted mainly to agriculture due to its fertile alluvial soils.

Land Use: agricultural-cultivated 25,299 hectares (51.6% single-crop, 38.7% double-crop and 9.7% triple-crop); fallow 521 hectares. There are also 22 tea-gardens and 2 rubber-plantations. Its rivers include Barak, Bheramahana, Gopala, Kalni, Kalishiri, Khowai, Korangi, Kushiyara River , Meghna River(lower), Ratona, Shwasanali, Sutang, Tentulia and Yojnal.

People and Population:

Over 98% of the population are Bengalis while the remainder are Biharis, Khasia, Manipuri and Tripuri people. The total population is 1,757,331 (49.94% male and 50.06% female), which can be further breakdown as 80.23% Muslim, 19.12% Hindu, 0.05% Buddhist, 0.13% Christian and 0.47% others. Sex Distribution: 49.94% male, 50.06% female. Life Expectancy: 56 years male, 56 years female. Age Breakdown: 42% (under 15); 26% (15-29); 16% (30-44); 9% (45-59); 5% (60 and 60+); and 2% (not known). Birth Rate: 33.0 per 1,000. Death Rate: 11.4 per 1,000. Increase Rate: 21.6 per 1,000. Infant Mortality Rate: 98.0 per 1,000 live births.


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